Everything You Need to Know About Airdrops

Everything You Need to Know About Airdrops

Defining the Difference Between Faucets and Airdrops

You may or may not have heard of these before, but there are things called faucets and airdrops. These are legitimate ways to get free coins, but there are definitely some things you need to know about each. In terms of faucets, services set up to give you tiny amounts of free coins. You can hit up these services periodically, subject to minimum withdrawal limits, because some coins have high fees. This doesn’t make sense if you’re trying to withdraw a super-tiny amount; the fees will eat up all of it.

One can access faucets at certain sites or mobile apps, as well. The reasons people set them up include:

  • to promote a particular coin to get you interested in it
  • to drive traffic to a site
  • to get ad revenue from you, or other similar benefits

On the other hand, airdrops are a process in which you can receive free coins (most of the time) from a specific project or team that runs a different coin. They take a snapshot of the blockchain — for example, a snapshot of the Ethereum blockchain at a certain time — and then everyone who has Ethereum will get a certain amount of coins deposited automatically into their ERC20 wallet.

What Is an Airdrop?

It’s well known that people are getting free crypto airdrops in order to trade them and make money. If we think about the concept of an airdrop in the non-crypto context, we can easily understand how it works in the crypto context. In the non-crypto context, airdrops are used to deliver food and supplies in boxes to people you cannot reach in other ways. They are normally dropped from airplanes with attached parachutes so they reach people on the ground safely.

In the crypto context, airdrops are used to distribute crypto assets, such as coins and tokens, as widely as possible to encourage people to start using them. These assets can become valuable, causing many people to become interested in receiving airdrops and trading them. This may sound like people are getting free valuable coins, but that’s not a correct statement — not all of them are valuable. You may think the easiest thing to do is to get all the airdrops and hope that some of them become valuable. If this thought comes to mind, you may wish to consider an old marketing proverb. If you are not paying for a product, then you are the product.

What does this mean? It normally means that you end up giving your contact details (or more) to the people providing the airdrops. That may be something you are happy with; however, not all projects are legitimate. This means that you should protect yourself. You can do this by using different email addresses and passwords for any crypto-related accounts you set up. You should also use two-factor authentication on accounts, if possible. The last bit of security advice is you should never share your private key. If anybody ever asks you for this, do not trust them.

How to Participate in Airdrops?

To participate in the airdrops, you need a couple of different things.

  1. An Ethereum-based wallet. Why Ethereum? Because most ICOs usually run ERC20 Ethereum tokens.
  2. An active balance on MyEtherWallet.
  3. Twitter, Facebook, and Telegram accounts so you can share ICO marketing info.

Who Can Take Part in an Airdrop?

Whoever distributes an airdrop gets to decide who can take part in the airdrop. Earlier approaches were based upon whether or not a person already owned some crypto assets, such as Bitcoin, Ethereum, and so on. As these assets have become more expensive and interest in crypto assets has increased, people have been using a number of alternative methods. One method involves requesting contact details such as email addresses, which point to BitcoinTalk, profile details, Twitter handles, Telegram, usernames, etc.

This forum (BitcoinTalk) gives people the opportunity to:

  • ask the founders questions about the project
  • determine whether the project is legitimate in order to maximize the number of airdrops in which you can participate

The most common method now is to reward airdrop applicants for retweeting certain tweets with irrelevant hashtags, or making posts on Facebook. This means that airdrop participants join the airdrop by performing promotional work. This also blurs the boundary between airdrops and bounties, which ranges from social media activity to language translations. Once these wallets are downloaded, people who want the airdrop are requested to submit their wallet addresses as evidence that they have downloaded the wallet. This enables the airdrop to be made. This method is often used by proof-of-stake coins to build stronger networks.

How Does an Airdrop Reach People?

An airdrop reaches an individual applying for the airdrop when it is sent to the individual’s address. It is possible for an individual to have many addresses. If you’ve downloaded a machine wallet, then the airdrop can be sent there. Depending on the support that the crypto asset has, you may be able to send your crypto assets to a mobile wallet, which will function like an app on your mobile phone. You may also be able to store the crypto asset on a hardware wallet, such as Treasurer or Ledger. There are a number of third-party web wallets available that can be used for receiving crypto assets. Many airdrops are for crypto assets built on the Ethereum platform, and these often require people to use MyEtherWallet or other similar wallets. If an airdrop application form asks you to share in wallet address, you should first set up a MyEtherWallet or other similar service in order to receive your airdrop.

Some airdrops use a proprietary approach, and have their own web wallets. Normally, such projects intend to build dedicated wallets, which can be accessed offline, too. Before that happens, they simply store them on their website so you can see the balance as you log into your account. Another place you may receive an airdrop is on an exchange where people trade crypto assets. This often happens when an airdrop is based upon existing crypto asset holdings, such as how much Bitcoin or Ethereum one owns. Airdropping new crypto assets directly to exchange addresses is relatively rare.

What Should You Do Once You Get Crypto-Assets?

Once you receive crypto assets, you may end up wondering what to do with them. Should you hold onto them for the long term, or should you sell them immediately? To decide, do your own research to gain an understanding of the long-term potential. Unfortunately, there is no easy answer. The Crypto Freebies channel is not qualified to give investment advice, and therefore, you may want to consider getting professional advice.

If you do decide to sell them, you will need to be registered on the exchange where your crypto assets are traded, unless you decide to sell directly to someone, which can be risky if they are not known to you. There are a number of exchanges where crypto assets can be found. These exchanges are some of the smaller ones, where new crypto assets seek to list first before moving on to larger exchanges, such as Bittrex.

Conclusion

A coin airdrop is a double-win situation. On the one hand, you get free crypto tokens that could be worth something in the future. On the other hand, blockchain projects raise awareness for their crypto-projects during their ico airdrop.
In this way, companies are able to create a community around their coin. Indeed, if you give someone a coin, he/she will likely get involved, and will get some money out of it. This is a means of creating a customer database at a low price.

Article Produced By
Applicature

A
Blockchain development agency focusing on production ready solutions, smart contracts Technologies, Cryptocurrencies and Technical ICO support.


TP

Buy 20000 in Bitcoin wVisa amp Mastercard

Popular Crypto App Targets Mainstream,
Lets Users Buy $20,000 in Bitcoin
With Visa and Mastercard

Startup Abra has integrated new options for buying Bitcoin. Through its website or via the Abra app, users can now buy Bitcoin with a Visa or Mastercard credit card or debit card from anywhere in the world.

Prior to the addition of the new payment options, US Abra users could use American Express and worldwide Abra users could buy Bitcoin by linking to a bank account and making an ACH deposit or a wire transfer. Processing times are usually 1-3 business days for ACH transfers and 5-8 business days for wire transfers.

The Visa and Mastercard options dramatically increase the speed at which users can purchase cryptocurrency, and it increases the spending limit. Users can buy up to $20,000 worth of Bitcoin at a time, a ten-fold increase over the $2,000 limit for bank deposits.

The new purchasing options have the potential to reach a worldwide audience of hundreds of millions of credit card holders. Abra already has users from 70 countries. “With this launch, we can now offer a simple way for customers globally to use Abra to buy their first Bitcoin using any Visa or Mastercard, and then start investing in any of the other 24 cryptocurrencies we support today,” said Abra CEO Bill Barhydt in an interview with Bitcoin Magazine.

Abra also offers users without bank account services the option to buy altcoins using Bitcoin and Litecoin.

The company has partnered with Simplex, a fintech company, to power the new payment options. As an EU licensed financial institution, Simplex focuses on fraud prevention using an AI algorithm.

Abra is a non-custodial wallet and does not directly hold customers’ funds. Instead, it implements blockchain technology that lets users hold the keys to their own funds, facilitating trades for 25 cryptocurrencies, and allowing users to send and receive Bitcoin, Litecoin and over 50 fiat currencies.

Crypto enthusiasts can invest in the following coins:

  • Augur (REP)Bitcoin (BTC)
  • Bitcoin Cash (BCH)
  • Bitcoin Gold (BTG)
  • Dash (DASH)
  • DigiByte (DGB)
  • Dogecoin (DOGE)
  • Ether (ETH)
  • Ethereum Classic (ETC)
  • Golem (GNT)
  • Litecoin (LTC)
  • Lisk (LSK)
  • Monero (XMR)
  • NEM (XEM)
  • NEO (NEO)
  • OmiseGO (OMG)
  • QTUM (QTUM)
  • Ripple (XRP)
  • Status (SNT)
  • Stratis (STRAT)
  • Stellar (XLM)
  • Verge (XVG)
  • Vertcoin (VTC)
  • Zcash (ZEC)
  • 0x (ZRX)

For further information regarding this article and original content:
https://dailyhodl.com/2018/07/13/popular-crypto-app-targets-mainstream-lets-users-buy-20000-in-bitcoin-with-visa-and-mastercard

Disclaimer: BITCOIN July 13, 2018 Daily Hodl Staff
Opinions expressed at The Daily Hodl are not investment advice. Investors should do their due diligence before making any high-risk investments in Bitcoin or cryptocurrency. Your transfers and trades are at your own risk. Any losses you may incur are your responsibility. Please note that The Daily Hodl participates in affiliate marketing.

TP

Hemp Grows Faster Than Bitcoin

CBD Backed Token in Private Sale,
With 750,000 Reasons to Participate

CBDoken, a Vienna-based company, plans to shock the traditional CBD market by creating an open, distributed alternative marketplace through their asset-backed cryptocurrency.

  • Tokenizing CBD products creates an open marketplace where pricing is determined by the public trading the token on the exchanges.
  • Learn how this company can help remove up to 80% of unnecessary costs associated with CBD distribution.
  • Utilizing “proof of burn” will enable clear and transparent communication through the blockchain, making information about supply readily available to the public.
  • Worldwide distribution of publicly priced CBD is the goal of CBDoken. By leveraging the best of blockchain technology and great business practice, the team behind CBDoken has created a plan that will tokenize CBD Full Spectrum Extract.

Why is this important?

Because of the controversy associated with cannabis, even completely legitimate CBD extracts are not traded on the open market due to the potential for supply chain abuse. Some countries even consider CBD to be an illegal product, regardless of the fact that it contains 0-0.02% THC.

This type of attitude from regulators is what prevents the traditional economy from bringing this commodity to the open markets. Utilizing a decentralized token to facilitate trade is perfect because the traders never come into physical contact with the product. On the other hand, white-label brands sell CBD products at outrageous prices, 300-800% more than what they pay to the producers in the US and the EU.

CBDoken shows incredibly high potential to mitigate two of the largest contributors to high CBD prices. The “CBD Full Spectrum Extract” that CBDoken will provide is of the highest quality extracts, with a minimum of 55% CBD concentration. This is a highly competitive product on the quality-based marketplace, for which people are currently prepared to pay up to 8x from production prices. With the help of their proprietary ERC20 token, they will be able to effectively price and position their partner’s CBD product to the open marketplace. No other CBD company in the world has done this before, so there are a lot of curious minds looking to see what the results will be.

How does the token work?

Once the platform is launched, the company will utilize the tokens as a representation of 1g CBD Full Spectrum Extract in stock. The ratio between tokens and the stocked product will remain the same, as part of their smart contact will burn the tokens when an order has been made.

Burning the tokens means that they are getting destroyed at the point of sale, and the product is already on its way to the consumer. The smart contract connects their CBD manufacturer to the end users, providing a clear path of distribution without inflating the price along the way.

CBDoken’s partners own warehouses and extractions facilities in both US and EU markets, and the deliveries will be made through these establishments. The profits made by sales of the first tokenized CBD product “CBD Full Spectrum Extract” will be reinvested into restoring the warehouses’ stockpiles.

In addition to this, a CBDoken Webshop will be opened which will sell the CBD product in exchange for fiat prices based on average token exchange prices. To facilitate the sale, CBDoken will purchase a token from the exchanges and will execute the burning process.

Private Sale Details

There is a limited amount of tokens available for the private sale which will end at the beginning of August. The company is looking to raise about $200k in this period, through the sale of 15000 tokens, i.e. grams of CBD Full Spectrum Extract.

This CBD product is the asset that is backing up the cryptocurrency, and once their solution becomes operational, the smart contract in place will burn the tokens, informing the market about the purchase, and keeping the 1:1 ratio in place.

Original article, video and additional information from:
​https://dailyhodl.com/2018/07/04/pr-hemp-grows-faster-than-bitcoin-cbd-backed-token-in-private-sale-with-750000-reasons-to-participate/

The original content is sponsored by CRYPTO LIVEWIRE dated July 4, 2018 Press Release and should be regarded as promotional material. The Daily Hodl is not a subsidiary of or owned by any ICOs, blockchain startups or companies that advertise on our platform. Investors should do their due diligence before making any high-risk investments in any ICOs, blockchain startups or cryptocurrencies. Please be advised that your investments are at your own risk, and any losses you may incur are your responsibility.​

TP

Airdrops In Cryptocurrencies: Everything A Beginner Needs To Know

Airdrops In Cryptocurrencies: Everything A Beginner Needs To Know

There are several ways of making money from cryptocurrencies

but not all are secure and legit ways. However, one genuine way of earning through cryptocurrencies is AIRDROPS. At CoinSutra, our endeavor is always to find out such safe ways for our audience, which we have done a number of times. We have also helped the community in claiming such Airdrops on more occasions than one. Some of you reading this concept of ‘Airdrops’ for the first time might ask what Airdrop is. And this is exactly our agenda today – to discuss everything about Airdrops. So in this analysis, we are broadly going to touch upon the following points:

  • What Is A Crypto Airdrop?
  • Why Free Crypto Airdrops?
  • How To Stay Updated About Such Crypto Airdrops?
  • How To Get Your Free Airdropped Crypto?
  • Conclusion: Stay Updated & Stay Safe While Airdrops

What Is Airdrop in Crypto World?

An airdrop for a cryptocurrency is a procedure

of distributing new tokens/coins by awarding them in a certain proportion to existing holders of a particular blockchain currency, such as Bitcoin or Ethereum etc. In simple terms, if you HODL one type of coin, you are automatically eligible to claim other coins/tokens just because you were holding the parent coins/tokens on which airdrop is being done.

That is why this method of coin/token distribution is called airdrops signifying ‘free droppings’. Sometimes, there are different reasons and motivations for these airdrops such as forks, marketing, decentralization & distribution etc. There are other reasons too of which we will talk about later in the article.

Why Do Free Crypto Airdrops Occur?

There are several motivations for carrying out cryptocurrency airdrops, right from creating the hype and buzz to actually distributing the whole supply of coins/tokens. Some of the reasons for carrying out crypto airdrops are:

  • Even Distribution Of Total Token Supply

One proper reason for airdrops is to evenly distribute the total token/coin supply so that there is less centralization in terms of bagHODLer holding a large sum with themselves. Omise gave away five percent of their OmiseGO cryptocurrency to holders of Ethereum in September 2017. In this case, OmiseGO took the advantage of already distributed Ethereum economy to distribute their tokens too.

  • Rewarding Faithful Early Investors

Many cryptocurrencies want to reward its early supporters and investors who first bought their ICOs or tokens. What better way to reward them than by offering them some more new tokens – for free.

This also motivates early investors to hold their parent tokens for longer durations and overall I feel it is a good way of rewarding.

Just like this:

  • Awareness About The New Crypto

Many times, just for spreading awareness, the airdrops are carried out for the HODLers of popular cryptocurrencies such as Ethereum, Walton etc.

  • Marketing & Hype

This is the most common trend nowadays. Airdropping coins/tokens for the purpose of marketing and collecting leads for further business opportunity expansion.

You will also find projects running schemes such as:

  1. (TEU) is airdropping 125.000 USD in TEU tokens to first 15,000 airdrop participants!
  2. Get up to 60 REPU tokens free just by joining Telegram!
  3. #ApolloDAE referral airdrop for Telegram users!
  4. 50 SYN tokens free when you sign up!

So this a kind of airdrop cum bounties for doing minor tasks like signups, referrals or joining Telegram and following on Twitter etc.

  • Hard Forks

Another popular way is to fork popular cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin, Ethereum, Litecoin, Monero and create a new coin, to be distributed to existing holders of these parent coins. CoinSutra has supported few airdrops that happened in the past through such forks, some of which were:

  1. Bitcoin Cash
  2. Bitcoin Gold
  3. Bitcoin Diamond
  4. Litecoin Cash

Now the million dollar question – How to know about such airdrops? Good question, considering it is one of the easiest ways to make money.

How To Stay Updated On Such Crypto Airdrops?

There are several ways to be updated, one of the most effective of which is to join an active crypto community that works in this area. CoinSutra is one such crypto-community. We have already, in the above-mentioned links, explained how we help our community members to make full use of such opportunities. There are some more services and websites through which you can get regular updates about airdrops. However, understand the fact that not all airdrops are worth participating in and can be sometimes fraudulent too. Nevertheless, here are few of those services:

  • Crypto Airdrops
  • AirdropAlert.com

You can also find airdrop announcements on Twitter page and Bitcoin forum page of a particular project that you might be following.

How To Get Your Free Airdropped Crypto?

Claiming your airdropped free crypto coin/tokens can differ from project to project.

For example…

For the airdrop forked coins, you either need to be in control of your private keys or should know how to sign your public address with your private keys. That is we always suggest you to always store your cryptocurrencies in the following types of wallets where you are in control of your private keys:

  • Ledger Nano S (Hardware Wallet)
  • Trezor (Hardware Wallet)
  • Exodus (Desktop Wallet)
  • MyEtherWallet  (Web Wallet) etc..

Sometimes you just need to do the following things to get/claim your airdropped tokens/coins:

  • Sign-up
  • Retweet
  • Refer a friend
  • Join Telegram
  • Or complete other social media tasks

Conclusion: Stay Updated & Stay Safe

With the popularity index of cryptocurrencies rising every day, the scams surrounding it are growing too. That is why if you find scams around cryptocurrency airdrops, don’t get surprised or fall for it. The only workaround to do away with them is educating yourself on the subject of airdrops, or as a matter of fact, on cryptocurrencies.

But I will tell you how scams around airdrops happen.

A scammy project with airdrop plans will ask you for your private keys to be entered at places and sometimes even fool you so that you enter your seed words in a malicious software. You will usually see such types of tactics in hacked slack channels, Telegram channels or tweaked Twitter accounts that will try to imposter the original account in some way.

Here is an example of a scammy twitter account and scammy airdrop tweet:

Are you ready for Guardian Masternodes? If not, we're running a limited airdrop of $WTC tokens to get you there.In the interest of your safety, I would suggest you do the due-diligence by going an extra mile while examining such airdrops.

Article Produced By

Sudhir Khatwani
Hey there! I am Sudhir Khatwani, an IT bank professional turned into a cryptocurrency and blockchain proponent from Pune, India. Cryptocurrencies and blockchain will change human life in inconceivable ways and I am here to empower people to understand this new ecosystem so that they can use it for their benefit. You will find me reading about cryptonomics and eating if I am not doing anything else.
 
 

TP

American Express Files Patent for Blockchain-Powered Proof-of-Payment System

American Express Files Patent for Blockchain-Powered Proof-of-Payment System

Financial services giant American Express (Amex)

has filed a patent for a blockchain-based proof-of-payment system, according to filing published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) Thursday, July 12. The patent’s applicant is listed as American Express Travel Related Services Co., Inc., Amex’s travel arm. The proposed system would automate proof-of-payments by encrypting payment payload data with a public key on an initial node of the blockchain –– the data in question comprising the merchant’s identifying information and the transaction amount.

According to the patent filing, the encrypted data could then securely be propagated to a second blockchain node. In one proposed embodiment of the system, the data could then be fetched by a connected smart device that would decrypt the payment payload data and match it with a second identifier, the customer. In this way, the blockchain-secured system could enable smart devices to detect proof-of-payments and initiate actions

to service paying customers:

“A payment processing entity (e.g., a credit card network, bank, debit, bitcoin, rewards points, or ACH) provides evidence of a payment in a tamper-proof manner by writing the proof of payment to a blockchain. A smart device connected to the blockchain may detect the proof of payment, and can extract relevant information. The information may be encrypted on the blockchain such that access is restricted to entities having the correct cryptographic keys. “

The patent then outlines various use cases for such a secured system, suggesting hotel reservations, real estate rental, and ticketless access to events and venues. All of the proposed use cases would potentially facilitated by customers’ uniquely identified smart devices that could retrieve and decrypt proof-of-payments stored on the blockchain. Amex has already indicated its interest in blockchain technology by becoming a member of the Hyperledger Blockchain consortium, a collaborative effort to define and develop standard blockchain technology for use across industries.

In May, Cointelegraph reported on Amex’s announcement that it would be integrating Hyperledger into its Membership Rewards program. The initiative, in partnership with online merchant Boxed, would enable merchants to design customized offers for Amex cardholders in order to incentivize customer engagement. Back in October 2017, American Express Travel Related Services Co., Inc., filed an earlier patent for a personalized rewards system that would also harness blockchain technology to incentivize its customers.

Article Produced By
Marie Huillet

Marie Huillet is an independent filmmaker, with a background in journalism and publishing. Nomadic by nature, she’s lived in five different countries this decade. She’s fascinated by Blockchain technologies’ potential to reshape all aspects of our lives.

https://cointelegraph.com/news/american-express-files-patent-for-blockchain-powered-proof-of-payment-system

TP

Crypto Retail PoS: 100000 Machines by 2021

The post Crypto Retail PoS Developer to Distribute 100,000 Machines Globally by 2021 appeared first on CCN.

Crypto Retail PoS Developer to
Distribute 100,000 Machines
Globally by 2021

 

Zac Cheah, the CEO at Pundi X, a crypto PoS (point-of-sale) machine manufacturer and developer, has said that the global cryptocurrency sector will be equipped with more than 100,000 crypto PoS machines by 2021.

In an interview with ZDNet Korea, Cheah said:

 

“In the next three years, at least 100,000 crypto PoS machines will be distributed. In the past six months, merchants have requested 25,000 crypto PoS machines from Pundi X.”

 


Crypto PoS. Featured image from Shutterstock.

Targeting Merchant Adoption

As Starbucks chairman Howard Schwartz previously said, multi-billion dollar conglomerates outside of the cryptocurrency and finance sector are currently skeptical toward digital assets like bitcoin and ether, the native cryptocurrency of the Ethereum blockchain protocol, due to their lack of merchant adoption. He said:

“I personally believe that there is going to be a one or a few legitimate trusted digital currencies off of the blockchain technology. And that legitimacy and trust in terms of its consumer application will have to be legitimized by a brand and a brick and mortar environment, where the consumer has trust and confidence in the company that is providing the transaction.”

Currently, merchants have three key issues that are preventing mainstream retail adoption of cryptocurrencies:

  1. Volatility
  2. High fees / scalability
  3. Lack of cryptocurrency support from existing machines

By creating PoS machines that can both support various cryptocurrencies and existing payment methods like credit card transactions, Pundi X has solved the issue of cryptocurrency integration. But, volatility and high fees still remain as key issues.

The emergence of stablecoins such as Tether, TrueUSD, CircleUSD, and Basis have provided merchants an option to accept digital assets whose value is hedged to that of the US dollar to eliminate volatility.

As for the high fees of cryptocurrencies, most public blockchain protocols including Bitcoin and Ethereum have made significant progress in the development of two-layer scaling solutions that are capable of processing micro-transactions or extremely small payments with nearly zero fees.

Hence, in the mid-term, the first two issues of digital assets pertaining to volatility and high fees will most likely be solved.

Cheah said that crypto PoS machines can be useful in regions like South Korea and China that already have nearly 90 percent adoption of credit cards and mobile payment applications such as Alipay, Samsung Pay, and KakaoPay, because Pundi XPOS supports mobile payment apps including Alipay, Samsung Pay, and WeChat Pay, while facilitating payments from bank-issued cards.

But, simply supporting cryptocurrencies will not be sufficient to convince merchants to switch from their existing payment infrastructure to crypto PoS machines. Cheah noted that the company’s product depends on its belief that digital assets will become the default payment method of the global economy in the long-term.

South Korea is a Main Market

As a leading crypto exchange market that accounts for nearly 35 percent of global crypto trades, Cheah said that South Korea is one of the few key markets Pundi X will focus on in the near future.

“Given that South Korea accounts for 35 percent of global crypto trades, the demand for cryptocurrency acceptance by merchants from local investors will increase rapidly,” said Cheah.

From article by: Joseph Young

CCN July 11, 2018

TP

Blockchain Smart Contracts

Blockchain Smart Contracts:
More Trouble Than They Are Worth?

We’ve all heard about the benefits of smart contract technology – a trustless tool to boot out the middleman when exchanging money, assets, or anything of value. As revolutionary as blockchain’s latest buzzword may be, smart contract bugs are causing untold chaos.


A visual representation of the digital Cryptocurrency, Bitcoin, on June 11, 2018
in Hong Kong, Hong Kong. (Photo by S3studio/Getty Images
)

Looking at the numbers, one might take Ethereum’s 3% smart contract failure rate as a tolerable loss, a proverbial drop in the ocean. Yet, when a safeguard fails to protect billions of dollars worth of currency, bad things can happen.

Take ICON’s June 2018 bug, which allowed any user—apart from the smart contract creator—to freely enable and disable transactions. The notion of immobilizing an $800+ million blockchain would worry most, but let’s not forget this blunder pales in comparison to past failures.

There have been countless colossal botches, but the king of them very well may be the Distributed Autonomous Organization (DAO) smart contract bug back in 2016. Seeing 3.6 million Ether drained via smart contract hacks, the DAO forced Ethereum’s founders to take radical measures and create a hard fork – the only possibility of salvaging the lost funds (15% of all Ether in circulation at the time).

It takes time to iron out the kinks in any brand-new technology, and smart contracts are no exception.

Can Smart Contracts Be Fixed?

Given that such flaws are compromising funds, sensitive data, and digitized assets of all description, one wouldn’t be wrong to ask if the technology was simply more trouble than it’s worth.

A fair question, but the fact remains that smart contract bugs are not unfixable. A number of projects have emerged to tackle the problem, and any one of them may well be the breath of fresh air needed to restore faith in the technology.

Solutions

Solidified and Security have surfaced alongside a number of companies offering smart contract verification and auditing. Such labor-powered efforts currently dominate the market, costing thousands, even tens of thousands of dollars per audit. These solutions may be impactful on a case-by-case basis, but it’s obvious that a more cost and time-effective solution will be needed to meet the world’s growing appetite for blockchain. It would seem then, that decentralization may have the keys to the kingdom.

For one, Quantstamp—worth nearly half a billion dollars by market capitalization in January 2018—has devised a security-auditing protocol for smart contracts written in Solidity, the programming language championed by Ethereum. Through Quantstamp, clients have their smart contracts scrutinized by peer-submitted verification software and "Bug Finders." While an effective solution, Quantstamp’s process is still overly labor-intensive – source code must be reviewed, and specifications written manually by humans.

Many of these projects have leapt towards solving the smart contract crisis, yet they all face the issue of scalability, not mentioning their inability to address the issues plaguing blockchain ecosystems as a whole – let’s not forget that decentralized applications (DApps) and blockchain code are equally vulnerable to bugs.


How CertiK automatically finds issues in smart-contract code.CERTIK

One company proposing an engineered solution is CertiK – an upcoming verification platform for all the components of a blockchain ecosystem, including smart contracts and DApps. Where its competitors rely on manual verification and the classic testing-based approach, CertiK would point to the fact that testing can only identify when bugs are present, and never certify their absence. Instead, CertiK’s platform will mathematically prove that any items are free of bugs and hacker-resistant.

According to CertiK, the answer to truly scalable verification is a layer-based system. Instead of testing—what the team describes as a “prohibitive” task reliant on human labor—CertiK uses modular verification to break tasks down into smaller ones, allowing them to be solved in a decentralized fashion. This style of work incentives and rewards the community to construct and validate proofs, improve solving algorithms, and maintain a resilient, cost-effective solution – all music to the ears to advocates of decentralization.

Having previously built one of the world’s first hacker-resistant operating systems, the CertiK team is a blend of academic and corporate verification experience – led by Yale and Columbia University professors, and backed by software engineers from Facebook, Google, and FreeWheel.

Blockchain itself may be trustless, immutable and incorruptible, but if we ignore the bugs present in them, they are as good as multi-billion dollar safes with faulty locks. As the technology pushes the globe towards new economic models, we will only demand more from smart contracts, DApps, and the verification solutions that uphold their integrity.

ccording to CertiK, the answer to truly scalable verification is a layer-based system. Instead of testing—what the team describes as a “prohibitive” task reliant on human labor—CertiK uses modular verification to break tasks down into smaller ones, allowing them to be solved in a decentralized fashion. This style of work incentives and rewards the community to construct and validate proofs, improve solving algorithms, and maintain a resilient, cost-effective solution – all music to the ears to advocates of decentralization.

Having previously built one of the world’s first hacker-resistant operating systems, the CertiK team is a blend of academic and corporate verification experience – led by Yale and Columbia University professors, and backed by software engineers from Facebook, Google, and FreeWheel.

Blockchain itself may be trustless, immutable and incorruptible, but if we ignore the bugs present in them, they are as good as multi-billion dollar safes with faulty locks. As the technology pushes the globe towards new economic models, we will only demand more from smart contracts, DApps, and the verification solutions that uphold their integrity.

From article by: Sherman Lee Contributor, Forbes
Dated: Jul 10, 2018, 11:38pm

Sherman Lee is a Partner at Zeroth.AI where he focuses on funding AI and blockchain companies, as well as a founder at Raven Protocol. Previously, he founded Rocco.AI and Good Audience.

 

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Bitcoin Looks More Like Gold Than a Currency

Bitcoin Looks More Like Gold Than a Currency

The cryptocurrency is volatile,
costly to store, hard to use
and deflationary.

By Noah Smith

July 11, 2018, 5:00 AM MDT
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Noah Smith is a Bloomberg Opinion columnist. He was an assistant professor of finance at Stony Brook University, and he blogs at Noahpinion.

Follow @Noahpinion on Twitter
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In the seven months since Bitcoin’s price peaked, it has fallen by about two-thirds. But it’s still almost three times more valuable than it was a year ago.

But Bitcoin is only superficially similar to gold. There are powerful arguments for the Bitcoin Bust scenario, in which the cryptocurrency is abandoned. One such argument is made by University of Chicago Booth School of Business economist Eric Budish in a new working paper entitled “The Economic Limits of Bitcoin and the Blockchain.”

All money works via trust — you have to trust that the person paying you in a transaction won’t send you fake money, or somehow take the money back after you give them the goods. Banks, which certify fiat money transactions, have built up a large stock of trust over time, so each new transaction is very cheap to perform — to pay someone a dollar, you just have a widely trusted bank mark your account down by $1, and the other person’s up by $1, and you trust that there will be no funny business involved. But Bitcoin runs on a decentralized network, so there’s no trusted bank — in other words, trust has to be reestablished each time there’s a transaction. The innovation of the blockchain represents a way of doing this via a distributed network of competing players, who get a reward for certifying the transaction faithfully.

But Budish notes that reestablishing trust every time there’s a transaction can get very expensive. If you devote a huge amount of computing power to dominating the blockchain, you can create fake Bitcoin transactions, thus stealing things from people without paying them. Budish shows that in order to prevent this from happening, the payoff for the blockchain players has to be high relative to the value of the attack. In other words, the more there is to gain from an attack, the more each Bitcoin transaction costs.

The value of using a Bitcoin attack to steal things is related to the size of the largest Bitcoin transaction you can make, so this means that in order to keep Bitcoin usage costs low, transactions have to be kept small — which makes paying for things cumbersome and slow.

Even worse, you can attack Bitcoin in order to sabotage and destroy it — perhaps so that your own cryptocurrency or fiat currency can gain popularity in its stead. Budish conjectures that the value of this kind of sabotage could potentially be enormous — comparable, in fact, to the total value of Bitcoins in existence.

And if he’s right, it means that Bitcoin as a whole can never get very valuable. If it does, it either becomes way too expensive to maintain (because it consumes electricity), or it becomes vulnerable to sabotage by a rival. If Budish is right, it means that Bitcoin’s total value has an upper limit. And once people realize that, they’ll abandon the cryptocurrency, leading to the Bitcoin Bust scenario.

So far, Budish’s apocalyptic scenario hasn’t come to pass, even though Bitcoin’s market capitalization briefly surged above $300 billion in late 2017. So, the danger seems remote for now. But if Bitcoin is going to replace fiat money, its market value will have to reach into the tens of trillions of dollars — more than 100 times higher than anything it has attained so far. The weakness Budish has identified — the inherent cost of repeatedly reestablishing trust under constant thread of sabotage — may make Bitcoin economically unviable. If so, either another cryptocurrency will take its place, or fiat money may continue its reign as the world’s dominant monetary system.

This column does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the editorial board or Bloomberg LP and its owners.

 

To contact the author of this story:
Noah Smith at nsmith150@bloomberg.net

To contact the editor responsible for this story:
James Greiff at jgreiff@bloomberg.net

Photographer: studioEAST/Getty Images AsiaPac

 

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Everything You Need to Know About Cryptocurrency Airdrops

cryptocurrency_airdrops

Free money can’t just materialize out of nowhere, can it?

Generally speaking, the answer is no. But in the wild and wonderful world of cryptocurrency, the old rules have been thrown out…and sometimes the answer to this question is: “Yes, it can.”  The free money we’re referring to is an “airdrop” of coins. You may have heard this term thrown around in various crypto circles and if you’ve never thoroughly understood it, this article is for you.In the following, we’ll explain the how, what, and why of airdrops.

What is an Airdrop?

In the cryptocurrency space, the word airdrop has taken on a different meaning than the more commonly understood military definition. In crypto, the term airdrop refers to gifts or free money. Essentially, an airdrop is when a development team, company, or community distributes tokens to users free of charge. Airdropping is a technique frequently used by startup businesses that are conducting an ICO to increase brand exposure and drum up excitement about their project. Airdrops are analogous to free samples at the mall (if those samples could appreciate in value). There are some other reasons for airdrops and we’ll discuss those in more detail below.

Some airdrops happen by surprise, and some are carefully orchestrated and well-communicated. Planned airdrops are announced in advance as part of a comprehensive marketing strategy that aims to build buzz. Surprise airdrops can generate a lot of publicity and achieve similar goals, but are a bit more of a gamble and tend to only make a splash if done by an already established cryptocurrency.

Why Do Airdrops Happen?

From creating hype around a new blockchain-based enterprise to rewarding loyal customers, there are a number of reasons why airdrops are carried out. To reward users: Free tokens are sometimes provided as a reward to users of a service, giving them free tokens as a “thanks” for showing loyalty. Binance (a well-known cryptocurrency exchange) is one example of a company that did this.

To serve a practical transfer function: Airdrops can happen when there is a fork in a cryptocurrency or a new network is launched. Examples of this include Bitcoin users getting Bitcoin Cash, and Ethereum users getting Ethereum Classic tokens equal to the value of that held in their original wallets. Further examples include ETC holders being gifted CLO with the advent of the Callisto blockchain or NXT holders receiving IGNIS tokens following the IGNIS token sale. To aid decentralization: Airdrops can help create a higher level of security for a network and its users. OmiseGO did an airdrop for this reason, distributing a sizable chunk of its tokens to Ethereum users.

According to an official blog post:

We believe that introducing to a few hundred thousand account holders the possibility of being PoS validators will ultimately make the network stronger, and we hope it will create interest in OmiseGO and its underlying mechanisms.

To increase marketing efforts: As mentioned above, dev teams or companies decide to airdrop tokens to attract attention during their ICOs in order to encourage investment in their token. They’re also often used at the launch of a new currency to sweeten the deal, get people excited, and bring users in the door. As Facebook recently introduced a new advertising policy explicitly banning ICOs, many have turned to airdrops as an alternative method for PPC advertising.

How to Find Airdrop Information

Information about airdrops can be found pretty much anywhere you follow or discuss crypto.

Places like:

  • Slack, Discord or Telegram channels
  • Reddit or Bitcointalk
  • Facebook groups

There are also quite a few sites that have been built expressly for the purpose of alerting people to the advent of an airdrop. A few notable ones are:

You can also find numerous social accounts dedicated to notifying people. Here is one such example. Sometimes you can also get it right from the source with an airdropping company announcing it on social media or via press release, like this one on Ethereum World News.

How To Claim an Airdrop

Poke around Reddit a bit and it will quickly become clear that there is often mass confusion on how exactly to claim airdropped coins. Let’s try to simplify. In many cases, an airdropped coin is based on the Ethereum ERC-20 protocol and require an ERC-20 compliant, non-exchange wallet to claim.  MetaMask or MyEtherWallet are two of the most popular solutions people use for this, and it’s important to note that the wallet must be active. Most airdrops have checks in place to make ensure that people aren’t just randomly generating a bunch of addresses and signing them all up to unfairly obtain a glut of coins.

In some scenarios, the coins will automatically hit your wallet and all you have do is wait. In other cases, you need to take specific actions or hold a certain token to qualify. Usually what you need to do will be clearly communicated prior to the airdrop (the whole point is to give coins away, after all). You may also be required to follow on Twitter or join a Telegram group. Be sure that you do these things and don’t unfollow or leave before the airdrop, otherwise you may miss out.

A Quick Word on Security

The crypto space is unfortunately rife with scams and bad actors trying to take advantage of people. Remember this, and know that airdrops are no different. With so many free tokens up for grabs, it can be easy to go on a clicking frenzy and get yourself into trouble. Your best defense is keeping your awareness close at hand and to verify everything. That aside, here are a few other reminders:

  1. Protect your private keys. Don’t believe anyone who claims to need them to check your wallet balance. This can easily be accomplished through Etherscan.
  2. Don’t send money to anyone. Remember, in an airdrop, you should be the beneficiary, so don’t send anything to someone else no matter the pretense. If an airdrop is asking you to send something, walk the other way immediately.
  3. Cross-check official sources. If a coin is conducting an airdrop, odds are it will be discussed publicly. Check official accounts to make sure that the airdrop is legit; otherwise, you might be subject to a scam with shady characters trying to collect your data.

Final Thoughts

Airdrops are undoubtedly useful techniques for raising awareness of a new token and to incentivize loyalty among new users. They’re great tools for promoters and developers of a new project to gain some recognition; and as a whole, they’ve benefited the market by getting more people interested in and vested in a wider range of cryptocurrencies.

Airdrops provide people with a proposition that is often too good to pass up—a chance to get a stake in something without any risk. From an investor’s point of view, airdrops are exciting. Just be sure to always confirm the authenticity of an airdrop campaign before participating in it. In the US, airdropping has raised questions about taxes and whether they amount to income or capital gains. There does not appear to be a consensus answer on this yet, but consulting a qualified tax professional should be step one. Bitcoin.tax is a good resource as well.

Article Produced By
Colin Adams

Colin Adams

Colin is a writer, researcher, and content marketer fascinated with the ongoing blockchain revolution and the potential it represents. Originally from Seattle, Washington, he can most often be found doing yoga, wandering around in the woods or traveling.

https://www.investinblockchain.com/cryptocurrency-airdrops/

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Korean Lawmakers Hasten to Regulate Cryptocurrency Legalize ICOs

Korean Lawmakers Hasten to Regulate Cryptocurrency, Legalize ICOs

Lawmakers in South Korea, one of the world’s biggest cryptocurrency trading markets,
are set to submit draft bills to legislate regulations for burgeoning sector.According to a report by the Korea Times, a number of lawmakers across different political spectrums are seeking to fast-track cryptocurrency regulations that could plausibly lead to lifting the current ICO ban in the country. The drafts will be submitted during ‘an extraordinary session of the National Assembly from July 13 to 16’ to address the legal status of cryptocurrency and regulatory guidelines for crypto exchanges, Notably, the report suggests that the submitted regulatory drafts are expected to play the role of a ‘catalyst’ in triggering discussions toward regulation and the subsequent the legislative process of turning bills into law.

Representative Park Yong-jin, a lawmaker and member of the country’s ruling Democratic Party, is perhaps the most prominent politician pushing for regulations, alongside Rep. Chung Tae-ok of the primary opposition Liberty Party Korea (LPK) and Rep. Choung Byoung-gug of the Bareun Mirae Party, a minor opposition camp.

As reported previously by CCN in July 2017, Park proposed at least three new bills to build a regulatory framework for cryptocurrencies despite previously comparing last year’s surging prices to Europe’s tulip mania in the 17th century. Rep. Hong Eui-rak, also of the political camp in power, is notably pushing for the legalization of ICOs after authorities enforced a ban on the radical new form of fundraising in September last year.

Further, Rep. Song Hee-kyung of the opposition LPK party is set to host a policy debate on the security framework at domestic cryptocurrency exchanges on July 19, in a year of noteworthy major security breaches and thefts at Korean exchanges. Last month, domestic exchange Coinrail was the victim of a hack with a reported 40 billion won ($37 million) in cryptocurrency stolen. A little over a week later, Seoul-based Bithumb – the country’s biggest crypto exchange – suspended Unlinktransactions after losing $30 million in cryptocurrency following another hack.

The proposed draft regulations coincide with a previously-set deadline by G20 nations that aims to enact a uniform regulatory framework for the cryptocurrency sector among member nations.

Article Produced By
CNN

https://www.ccn.com/korean-lawmakers-hasten-to-regulate-cryptocurrency-legalize-icos/

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